Dermatologists are specialists – they are Medical Doctors who primarily treat the skin, hair, and nails. A Dermatologist will typically train in the four disciplines: medical dermatology; surgical dermatology; cosmetic dermatology, and dermatopathology. Many dermatologists choose to further specialize in one of the disciplines (or an entirely separate specialization).

Medical Dermatology

This entails the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are related to skin, hair, and nails.

Surgical Dermatology

This aspect of dermatology comprises the treatment of disease using surgical procedures.

Cosmetic Dermatology

Cosmetic dermatology uses products/treatments to improve overall aesthetic appearance.


Here, the dermatologist examines samples (skin, hair, nails) to diagnose and treat disease.

Becoming a Dermatology Specialist

Any career in medicine (or in a medical field) requires a substantial amount of education and training. To become a dermatologist, you must first earn an undergraduate Bachelor Degree and then attend an accredited medical school. Once schooling has been completed, graduates are required to complete an internship program, and added years of residency.

Once specialization has been achieved, dermatologists often seek additional education and training in more specific areas – like paediatrics, surgery, or cosmetics. When it comes to a Board-Certified Dermatologist, this is a designation (and associated license) that confirms accreditation by one of the recognized medical associations (depending on the country).

Board-Certified Dermatologists must be recertified after a given period of time to maintain their standing. This ensures keeping up with advances in methodologies, treatment, and new medicines. This is essential in providing highly specialized services to each patient. Clearly, there are major developments year-after-year throughout this medical profession.

When Patients Should Visit a Dermatologist

As a patient, your primary care physician will refer you to a dermatologist. There are cases, however, where patients don’t have to be referred on an on-going basis, but this depends on the dermatologist. What’s highly recommended is to visit a dermatologist at least once a year for a complete body examination. The idea, of course, is to examine and assess various symptoms that may be of concern. Dermatologists can address a wide range of skin issues.


Acne is a very common skin condition that may include blackheads, whiteheads, as well as pimples. Acne is caused when oil glands produce too much sebum thus blocking skin pores.


Eczema encompasses several skin conditions that cause skin inflammation. This condition is uncomfortable and often distressing, causing dry, itchy skin that can be red and swollen.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins usually form when veins are weakened or damaged. They look like they are bulging and are usually found on legs – they can potentially increase the risk of blood clots.


Psoriasis is typically associated with the immune system. Because skin cells form much too quickly, they collect profusely on the skin. The patches are “scaly” and can be itchy/painful.


Rosacea is a skin condition that looks like the skin is flushed. Unusual redness appears on the cheeks, nose, and chin. In some cases, rosacea might also spread to the ears and chest.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer happens to be the most common cancer. When diagnosed early, it’s the easiest cancer to cure. The most dangerous skin cancer is melanoma, a disease that can be deadly.

If you’re looking for dermatology in Pittsburgh PA

If you’re concerned about a skin issue or a symptom, and you’re looking for dermatology in Pittsburgh PA, ask the questions that matter. You may be looking for a dermatologist clinic near me, or you may be searching for something more specific, like cosmetic dermatology in Pittsburgh. Whatever the case, it’s wise to choose carefully, and get exactly what you need.

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